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Structures generated by instabilities

Turn on the water faucet in your kitchen or your bathroom and study the stream of water as it leaves the faucet: you will see how the stream is soon broken up into droplets. This is a result of the so-called Plateau-Rayleigh instability, driven by energy minimization under the action of surface tension. Several other instabilities can be induced in liquids, variations being introduced by incorporating substrates of different shapes and/or chemistry, as well as by dissolving specific solutes in the liquids. We study such instabilities, sometimes fighting against them, for instance in order to spin continuous fibers using electrospinning, sometimes triggering them deliberately and in a controlled manner, in order to produce discrete entities such as liquid crystalline shells. By playing around with the components involved we can tune the details of the process, and thereby influence the final product. And in the process we see some fascinating physics.

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Three most recent publications

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Liquid crystals in micron-scale droplets, shells, and fibers Martin Urbanski, Catherine G. Reyes, JungHyun Noh, Anshul Sharma, Yong Gang, Venkata Subba Rao Jampani, Jan P.F. Lagerwall
J. Phys,: Condens. Matter, DOI: 10.1088/1361-648X/aa5706 (2017)

Taming Liquid Crystal Self-Assembly: The Multifaceted Response of Nematic and Smectic Shells to Polymerization
JungHyun Noh, Benjamin Henx, and Jan P. F. Lagerwall Adv., Mater, DOI 10.1002/adma.201603158 (2016)
Correlation between structural properties and iridescent colors of cellulose nanocrystalline films, M. Ličen, B. Majaron, J. Noh, C. Schütz, L. Bergström, J. Lagerwall, I. Drevenšek-Olenik, Cellulose, DOI 10.1007/s10570-016-1066-z (2016)

More publications can be found here.