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Solvent-solute interactions

Lyotropic liquid crystals are long-range ordered liquids arising in certain suspensions or solutions of nanoparticles or amphiphiles. We work with both classes, for instance formed by nanorods of crystalline cellulose (cellulose nanocrystals, CNC) suspended in water, and by aqueous solutions of surfactants like SDS or CTAB, sometimes with suitable co-surfactants, respectively. When chirality is introduced into the system, for instance from the cellulose in the CNC or by chiral molecules mixed into the micelles formed by surfactant molecules, this may manifest itself on macroscopic scale through a helical modulation. This is a quite extraordinary phenomenon which is far from trivial to understand, considering that the chiral objects (nanorods or micelles) are separated by a considerable fraction of solvent. There are indications that the solvent may play an active role in this chirality transfer, which would mean that the specific interactions between solute or suspended particle surface, and the solvent molecules, plays a role for the overall ordered structure. This is an issue that we have started to investigate within one of our projects.
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Three most recent publications

Isotropic-isotropic phase separation and spinodal decomposition in liquid crystal-solvent mixtures, Catherine G. Reyes, Jörg Baller, Takeaki Araki and Jan P. F. Lagerwall , soft matter, 2019,15, 6044-6054

Liquid crystal elastomer shell actuators with negative order parameter, V. S. R. Jampani, R. H. Volpe, K. Reguengo de Sousa, J. Ferreira Machado, C. M. Yakacki and J. P. F. Lagerwall, Sci.adv.,DOI 10.1126/sciadv.aaw2476

Influence of head group and chain length of surfactants using for stabilising liquid crystal shells,
Anjali Sharma and J.P.F. Lagerwall,
Liquid crystals, DOI 10.1080/02678292.2018.1509391

More publications can be found here.